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What Is Cobalt And Where Do I Use It?

  • Cobalt is a relatively abundant metal element which is almost always found in combination with other naturally occurring minerals.

  • It is naturally occurring and exists in the environment in soil/dust/rocks and in vegetation. It is an essential dietary element for the growth of animals and micro-organisms.

Metallurgical applications include:

  • Cobalt’s exceptional high temperature strength and corrosion-resistance make it an essential alloying element for jet engine and electrical power generation turbines (improving combustibility and reducing fuel consumption), specialty high strength steel for medical/scientific instrumentation and hard facing alloys in abrasive applications (e.g. bulldozer scoops).

  • Other uses are orthopaedic hip and knee implants, jewellery for fine detailed casting, as a binding agent for hard metal (tungsten and diamond) cutting and drilling tools or in permanent magnets for ABS breaking systems in automobiles.


Chemical applications include:

  • Cobalt is a key part of the lithium-ion batteries in electric vehicles.


  • Cobalt is also used in electronic devices, jet engines and renewable energy storage. 

  • Additional cobalt chemical properties allow for hard wearing and abrasion resistance, advanced pigment solutions and various other uses.


Where is Cobalt Produced?

  • Total world reserves of cobalt are estimated to be around 8.3 million tons. 

  • 90& of cobalt is mined as a by product of copper or nickel.

  • Cobalt is mined in several countries, with the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) being the largest producer. 

More on Cobalt

  • Cobalt is highly recyclable. 

  • Cobalt is a ‘technology enabler’ used mostly in the workplace.

  • Cobalt is indispensable to enhance the many metallurgical and chemical applications.

  • Cobalt cannot be substituted in most of its key applications, due to its unique properties .

  •  The potential socio-economic impact and regulatory efficiency of policies or regulatory measures on critical raw materials must be well understood before they are proposed.



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